Intelligent transportation holds the promise for a safer, greener and more connected road to the future.
The ability for vehicles to continually send and receive data opens up a multitude of previously unimaginable possibilities. Highway safety will improve as connected and autonomous cars become privy to more potentially life-saving information. Vehicle-to-vehicle communication presents the opportunity to avert accidents by sending position and speed data via ad hoc mesh networks.
In addition to safety, intelligent transportation holds the promise for greater energy efficiency as connected and autonomous vehicles travel optimal routes, employ fuel-efficient tactics and rely on renewable energy fuel such as electricity. Traffic congestion in cities will ease as autonomous vehicles revolutionize traffic flows, eliminating the stop-and-go of human drivers.
These are just a few of the benefits to come, as intelligent transportation improves society, enriches the consumer experience and presents new business opportunities. To make this vision a reality, telecom operators must fulfill their role in providing communications networks that can support a continuous, seamless flow of data. Connected and autonomous vehicles will rely on a revitalized communications infrastructure, based on next-generation wireless and fiber technologies, along with sensor-based networks and applications.
5G will play a vital role for intelligent transportation. Beyond ultra-high capacity and speed, 5G will allow communications networks to operate more efficiently through “network slicing,” with multiple virtual networks for data transmission operating over common communications infrastructure. With 5G, vehicle-to-everything communications will benefit from low latency and higher reliability. This significantly improves data service reliability and reduces network drop-outs. Short-range sensors, radar and image recognition technologies, mesh networks and existing standard mobile networks are also critical to enabling intelligent transportation.
In addition to communications infrastructure, standards and interoperability of data and devices will be essential to maximize the potential of intelligent transportation. Standards are key to allowing infrastructure assets to communicate with vehicles, and vehicles to connect with other vehicles.
TIA's Internet of Things Working Group (IOTWG) crafts policy positions and governmental advocacy strategies to represent the information and communications technology (ICT) industry in the intelligent transportation sector which includes advocating for policies to foster innovation and encourage investment in connected and autonomous vehicle technologies.