Innovating Standards - TIA Quarterly Newsletter (April/May/June 2011)

Innovating Standards


April/May/June 2011

Tracking Cloud Computing

The Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) is closely monitoring the events that are taking place in the arena of cloud computing standards. During the past few weeks TIA staff attended the third and final NIST Cloud Computing Forum and Workshop in Gaithersburg, Md., as well as the ITU-T Focus Group on Cloud Computing in Geneva, Switzerland. Both events will have an impact on TIA members as more progress is made converting traditional data processes to the cloud model.

The third cloud computing forum and workshop was hosted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) from April 7-8. The event provided interested parties with a progress report on NIST's "Cloud Computing Technology Roadmap" (CCTR), a document that is currently scheduled to be completed by October 2011.

The event opened with a speech by Vivek Kundra, Chief Information Officer of the United States, who described many of the policy changes and mandates that are driving the adoption of cloud computing services in the federal government. Mr. Kundra has directed every agency to select three IT platforms that could be moved into the cloud, and to actually commit to transferring one of those systems throughout the next year. He believes that the cloud transition is vital for reducing costs and boosting efficiency throughout the federal government over the next decade.

In that context, NIST's role in driving cloud computing standards will play a key role in how well the federal government can execute on this vision. Annie Sokol, co-chair of NIST's Cloud Computing Standards Roadmap Working Group, outlined some of the challenges involved. At this stage, the working group has identified three specific cloud computing standards: the Open Virtualization Format (OVF), the Open Cloud Computing Interface (OCCI), and the Cloud Data Management Interface (CDMI). However, there are thousands of relevant IT standards that are being leveraged in the creation of clouds, causing fragmentation and preventing uniformity.

The lack of cloud standards has created a number of problem areas that must be resolved to meet the needs of government users, including the creation of application-specific data formats, resource description and discovery, identity and access management, and security auditing and compliance tools. The working group is suggesting that agencies can minimize the impact of these issues by providing comprehensive requirements for cloud standards projects, participating actively in those projects, supporting the development of interoperability and assessment schemes, and specifying cloud standards in their procurement and grant guidance.

The Cloud Computing Standards Roadmap Working Group will ultimately recommend specific cloud computing standards and best practices for use in the U.S. government. Their final report will be included in the broader Cloud Computing Technology Roadmap.

The ITU-T Focus Group (FG) on Cloud Computing and it's Working Groups met April 5-8, 2011 to present draft documents for upcoming cloud computing standards that will be finalized by the end of the year.

At the meeting, the FG as a whole, presented two documents. The first was Cloud-O-0034 Functional Requirements and Reference Architecture, which sets a number of guidelines for cloud systems, including terminology, architecture requirements, the layering framework, the functional architecture (including SDP as a Service), security architecture, inter-cloud server brokering, service control and management, and power management. The second document, Cloud-O-0036: Cloud Computing Security, outlines the cloud security topics that should be worked on and studied by the ITU-T, with input from related SDOs. The draft summarizes all on-going cloud security activities in the related SDOs and provides guidelines of security threats and security requirements for cloud users and service providers. The background material for these documents is aggregated by the two working groups (WG), which cover eight "working areas." Both groups released draft documents at the Geneva meeting.

WG 1 - Cloud Computing Benefits and Requirements, presented three documents. The first was Cloud-O-0033: Introduction to the cloud ecosystem: definitions, taxonomies, use cases, high level requirements and capabilities, which covers cloud computing definitions, business roles of cloud systems, technical-use cases, and an overview of the high-level capabilities of cloud systems. The second document presented was Cloud-O-0035: Infrastructure & Network Enabled Cloud, which includes basic cloud use cases, functional requirements for the cloud, functional architecture for network infrastructure, and security considerations. The final document from WG 1 was Cloud -O-0037: Cloud Computing Benefits from Telecommunication/ICT Perspectives, describes the cloud's benefits from the perspectives of service providers, telecommunications operators, software providers, equipment providers, system integrators, cloud consultants, and the general user.

WG 2 - Gap Analysis and Roadmap on Cloud Computing Standards development in ITU-T, presented Cloud-O-0038: Overview of SDOs involved in Cloud Computing, mapping the output of the FG with the work of the SDOs and outlining gaps that can be filled by the ITU-T.

Global M2M Standardization Promoted at 'TIA 2011: Inside the Network'

Inside the Network

At its premier annual industry event 'TIA 2011: Inside the Network' in May in Dallas, the TIA hosted a meeting of experts from various Standards Developing Organizations (SDOs) and similar forums from around the world who are looking into the trends of machine-to-machine (M2M) standardization. The goal of the meeting was fostering global coordination and harmonization in this very fast growing telecommunications area.

At the most recent Global Standards Collaboration meeting (GSC-15) organized by the China Communications Standardization Association (CCSA) in Beijing, in September 2010, the Chair of TIA's TR-50 Smart Device Communications engineering committee was appointed Convener of the newly-created M2M Standardization Task Force (MSTF).

"TIA's objective is to continue to be a catalyst for the development of effective standards for information and communications technology," said TIA President Grant Seiffert. "The co-location of the MSTF meeting with TIA 2011 provided real-time information firmly grounded on facts and a thorough understanding of the M2M Standardization environment."

The MSTF is to report on its activities and recommendations to GSC-16, which will be hosted by the ICT Standards Advisory Council of Canada (ISACC), and held in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada during the week that starts October 31, 2011. Although the MSTF meeting is not open to the public, some of its speakers and attendees participated in various panels of the M2M track of TIA 2011, addressing the current status of this exploding market, the manifold opportunities of the technology, and sharing the progress made in the area of standardization.

Dr. Jeffrey O. Smith, Chief Technology Officer of Numerex, Chair of TIA TR-50 and Convener of the MSTF added, "I am very pleased with the response from our fellow SDOs. In addition to the United States, Canada, China, India, Japan, Korea, and Europe will be represented at the meeting, boding well for the quality of the work and the recommendations to GSC-16. We have already started to liaise and collaborate with other prominent international standardization groups focused on M2M, and the results have been thus far very productive and illuminating."

TR-50 and TR-41 Held Meetings at Annual TIA Member Event

Both TR-50 Smart Device Communications and TR-41 User Premises Telecommunications Requirements held Engineering Committee meetings in conjunction with TIA 2011: Inside the Network, an integrated educational and networking event for leading information and communications technology (ICT) network innovators.

TIA 2012: Inside the Network will be held June 5-7, 2012, in Dallas, Texas. The event will facilitate business and technical conversations about how broadband communications suppliers, providers and operators will meet the needs of customers of all kinds with One Network - secure, reliable, scalable, and sustainable.

Major sponsors for TIA 2011: Inside the Network included Alcatel-Lucent, Ericsson, GENBAND, Juniper Networks, Nokia Siemens Networks, and Walker and Associates.

>> Plan ahead for exhibiting and sponsorship opportunities for TIA 2012: Inside the Network, June 5-7, 2012, in Dallas, Texas. Contact TIA at, or call +1.703.907.7002.
>> For media barters, contact Jeff Hannah at, or call +1.703.907.7582.

'Innovating Standards' at 'TIA 2011: Inside the Network'

TIA Now's "Innovating Standards" program was front and center at TIA 2011: Inside the Network in Dallas May 17-20. Watch a digital video panel discussion on how standards accelerate network innovation.

TR-51 Smart Utility Networks Committee Forms Two Working Groups, Elects Chair, co-Vice Chairs

On April 12, TIA's engineering committee on Smart Utility Networks (TR-51) held their second meeting, building consensus on some basic and unique needs that the network will need to address.

The committee focused on the need for scalable protocols, adaptability to channel conditions, cost effective implementations that lend themselves to ubiquitous deployments, and support for low duty cycle SUN applications.

In addition, the need to address network robustness in the presence of interference and in dense, crowded spectra was discussed. There was also conversation about work that is going in other standards programs and the establishment of liaisons to those organizations.

Based on their discussions, TR-51 agreed that to form at least two working groups to hold interim meetings and develop contributions for the committee. The working groups will respectively address OSI Layer 1 and Layer 2. At this time both groups will be led by Christina Siebert, Silver Spring Networks.

The engineering committee held elections for the Chair and co-Vice-Chairs. TIA congratulates Mike Lynch, MJ Lynch Associates on his election to the Chair position and Phil Beecher, Beecher Communication Services, and Hiroshi Harada, NICT for their election to co-Vice-Chairs.

Participant list TR-51: Alcatel-Lucent, Analog Devices, Inc., Beecher Communications Consultants Ltd, Blind Creek Associates, DTC (UK), Ericsson Inc., EADS, MJ Lynch & Associates LLC, NICT, Nokia Siemens Networks, Nortel Networks, Relay Services, Silver Spring Networks, Smart Utility Network Alliance, Sigma Delta Communications, TE Connectivity, Telecom Policy Solutions, WirefreeCom, Inc., Huawei.

For further details about TR-51, please contact Stephanie Montgomery at, Ronda Marrow at or visit

New TIA Standards Project Pushes for Improvements to Accessible Technology for Hearing Impaired

TIA's Analog and Digital Wireline Terminals Engineering Subcommittee (TR-41.3) has initiated a project to develop a standard for improving acoustic performance and measurement methods for the receivers and ringers in high-gain amplified telephone devices. These telephones are designed specifically for use by people with hearing impediments and they include a high acoustic output and tone control features. The new standard will cover amplified analog and digital telephones, headsets, and speakerphone devices.

The subcommittee aims to resolve the current problem areas of "receiver acoustic gain and tone control" and "acoustic ringer gain and frequency spectrum." TR-41.3's project will specify acoustic performance requirements for the devices that will vary according to three different levels of hearing loss: mild, moderate, and severe. Their recommendations for audio improvements will be based on information from hearing loss studies that contain statistical data on the gain and frequency response shaping required to accommodate each of the three hearing loss categories.

There are currently no established performance standards addressing the acoustics of the receivers and ringers used in telephones for the hearing-impaired. It is expected that the new TIA standard will be used by persons or organizations which purchase or distribute high-gain amplified telephones. Effective use of the new standard will assist in matching the telephone's acoustic performance with the needs of the individual suffering from hearing loss.

"TIA has a long history of working closely with the hearing-loss community to ensure that standards for accessible devices and technology meet their needs and improve their ability to communicate with both legacy technologies as well as the latest innovations," said Cheryl Blum, TIA's Vice President for Technology and Business Development. "It is part of TIA's mission to support the hearing-loss community, and we take great pride in continuing that support through standards development."

TIA's User Premises Telecommunications Requirements engineering committee (TR-41) and it's subcommittees develop and maintain standards specifying the acoustic performance and measurement methods for a wide array of analog and digital interface telephone handsets, headsets, and speakerphones.

If you are interested in participating in this project or any other work in TR-41, please contact Ronda Marrow by e-mail at or by phone at +1.703.907.7974.

TIA Engineering Committee Q2 Roundup

TIA/ETSI M2M Workshops

The first joint TIA TR-50 and ETSI TC M2M meeting was held from March 21-22, 2011 in Jersey City, N.J. The goal of the meeting was to harmonize M2M documents from both organizations into a singled set, under the categories of "requirements," "definitions," "architecture," and "protocol," by the third quarter of 2011. TIA and ETSI have agreed to coordinate in an ongoing basis as the project goes forward. They also agreed on splitting their resources for technical work evolutions (e.g. convergence layer, library for high-level API's, etc.). A second meeting of this joint group was held on April 27, 2011 by teleconference.

TR-42 Next Generation Cabling

The TR-42.7 Subcommittee on Telecommunications Cabling Systems convened a task group to discuss next generation broadband cabling and which standards might be needed for future cabling technologies. During their April 19, teleconference several topics were considered, including Gb/s, the total number of lanes, cable length, signal attenuation challenges, and general applications. They will also be investigating existing application standards and provide alternate physical layer solutions. Examples of these may be a 10GBASE-T short reach option or possibly HDBASE-T. If you are interested in participating please contact Teesha Jenkins at

TR-45 Issues TSB-474, Study for Machine-to-Machine (M2M) Communications for CDMA® Networks

This study document was issued in February 2011 to identify the service functionality and application potential of M2M communications. TSB-474 also outlines the TR-45 committee's plans for identifying M2M use-cases that could lead to network enhancements, creating a list of pre-requisites that should be followed prior to enabling machine-type communications on cdma2000® networks, identifying methods to reduce the operational complexity of M2M for network operators, and optimizing networks to minimize the impact on device battery usage. If you are interested in participating please contact Teesha Jenkins at

3GPP2 Participating in the Femtocells World Summit

3GPP2 has be invited to speak at the Femto Forum's Femtocells World Summit 2011 from June 21-23 in London. Mr. Bjorn Bjerke from Qualcomm will be representing 3GPP2 at the summit to provide an update on the partnership's femtocell activities.

'Standards Boost Business' Educating the CEO

The American National Standards Institute, in partnership with TIA and a number of other domestic and international SDO's, has launched Standards Boost Business (SBB): an initiative aimed at increasing corporate participation in standards development and conformity assessment activities. The campaign's primary goal is to serve as a "call to action" for corporate America to devote resources – time, money, and manpower – to the U.S. standardization system and its activities, by educating C-level (e.g., CEO, CFO, COO, etc.) executives on the direct impact that standards have on business performance. For more information from the SBB campaign, please visit

Get Your TIA 2010-2011 STAR Report

Star ReportThe latest edition of TIA's annual Standards and Technology Annual Report (STAR) provides a full and detailed overview of the thrust of TIA's innovating standards developing programs. Download the free PDF version >>

TIA is accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) to develop voluntary industry standards for the information and communications technology (ICT) industry.

TIA's Standards and Technology Department comprises 11 technology areas that sponsor more than 70 standards formulating groups. These technology areas are Mobile Private Radio, Point-to-Point Communications Systems, Multi-Media Access, Protocols and Interfaces, Satellite Equipment and Systems, User Premises Telecommunications, Telecommunications Cabling Systems (both copper and fiber), Mobile and Personal Communications Systems, Terrestrial Mobile Multimedia Multicast, Vehicular Telematics, Healthcare ICT and Smart Device Communications. Each area is represented by engineering committees and subcommittees that formulate standards to serve the industry and users.

More on TIA Standards Development

>> Review new TIA standards projects initiated in Q1 2011 through June 1, 2011.
>> See all TIA standards published in Q1 2011 through June 1, 2011.
>> Bookmark TIA engineering committees' meetings calendar - with agendas and meeting reports.
>> Learn more about TIA standards development and how to participate.
TIA standards are available for purchase at

Editor's Note

Your feedback is most welcome. Please feel free to contact me at To learn more about participating in developing TIA standards, go to Thank you. - Mike Snyder, Innovating Standards