Innovating Standards Newsletter - January 2014

A TIA QUARTERLY NEWSLETTER (Volume III, Issue IV)

Happy New Year from Your TIA Technology and Standards Team!

In the last few months of 2013 TIA Technology and Standards advanced many new and interesting projects.  In 2013 our Technical Committee leadership changed and we thank Mike Pellon, Motorola Solutions, for his wonderful and expert leadership from 2011 -2013.  We warmly welcome our new TC Chair Ton Steenman, Intel, and are looking forward to his excellent leadership in the coming year.  We also congratulate Herb Congdon, Vice-President, Technology and Standards on his election to the ANSI Board of Directors.

In the spirit of cloud computing we’ve developed word cloud review of key areas the TIA Technology and Standards Department advanced in 2013.

TIA 5G Network Workshop

On November 21st, the Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) drew together thought leaders from industry, academia and various consortia to discuss the Fifth Generation network (5G Network).  While 5G is yet to be defined, many of TIA’s member companies are actively engaged in developing technologies that could lead to higher bandwidth, lower latency and reduced cost-per-Gigabit mobile communications.  The Beyond 2020: A Vision of 5G workshop consisted of presentations from Alcatel-Lucent, Lemko, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University,  Samsung, and the EU-funded Mobile and Wireless Communications Enablers for the Twenty-Twenty Information Society (known as METIS 2020).  Throughout the workshop, presenters engaged attendees and solicited feedback and opinion from the audience members on the applicability and viability of various technologies being proposed as 5G enablers.  mmWave technology, operating at Ka-band frequencies, cognitive radio, and a more consumer-centric approach to mobile communications were some of the predominant themes presented throughout the day.

Attendees from the day stated that they like the small group of experts focused on an area like 5G and felt the day was very interactive.  Others stated the workshop has a diverse set of attendees spanning industry and government.  The open discussion was very helpful in bringing out the similarities and differences in opinions on 5G technology and issues.

TIA is carrying the conversation forward and will be hosting another conference on 5G Networks during 2014.

TIA Technology Development Quick Links

Exploring New Technology

At TIA’s CTO Council meeting in December hot topics covering Network Function Virtualization (NFV) and Spectrum sharing were discussed. The focus of the NFV discussion centered around replicating success of cloud computing in the telecom industry and transitioning from hardware-intensive solutions which are not changing fast enough for modern advances in ICT.  This is evidenced by the recent actions of Google and Facebook developing different network models which potentially scale larger than traditional services. Central offices are trending to look more like data centers, with NFV based on common hardware infrastructure and switching moved to a virtualized model.  It will be a learning process to make the move but optimists say cloud computing was easy, so this will be too. NFV technology isn't an all-or-nothing solution and can be migrated to in a piecemeal fashion. Operators are already leading the way, and that will drive the others to do it as well, so expect things to move quickly.  Trials have already begun with applications expected to be released in two years.

During the discussion on spectrum sharing, getting and keeping industry and government working together was a common theme. The need to have more transparency in the government’s use of spectrum, to develop a spectrum management pilot effort, and develop methods or functions to ensure that spectrum usage by federal government is done efficiently for both public and commercial spectrum were all identified as areas needing further attention.  NIST is also looking at testing facilities and standards for testing facilities to support spectrum sharing. They are working with the academic community on trial options and to develop better data than that use in some recent studies in modeling and simulation that was performed the labs using data from 30 years ago and as such may not be appropriate for modern spectrum sharing models.  Further testing capabilities and large outdoor test facilities are needed to understand how it works and what standards need to be developed.

A Look Back at CES 2014 - The Internet of Things, curved 4K TVs and the Connected Car were on full display at the 2014 Consumer Electronics Show (CES) in Las Vegas, Nevada early this year.  For a show that debuts many innovations centered on consumer media and entertainment electronics, this year’s CES highlighted the expanding connectedness of consumers’ lives.  From IP-enabled refrigerators and smartphone piloted helicopters to remote controlled mattresses, CES is becoming the go-to show for any consumer oriented product connected via wired or wireless connection.  

One new IoT-related technology to keep an eye on: wireless charging.  From connected watches to fitness meters, wearable technology is here and innovators will continue to find new means to add data-centric meaning to individuals’ lives.  However, consumer technology will only be adopted if it is easy to use and frustration free.  As more and more devices become part of consumers’ lives, the idea of having to charge multiple devices will become a deterrent.  Some vendors were exhibiting wireless charging as a third-party upgrade to existing consumer phones and devices, but expect this become the norm for anything new in the future.

Television manufacturers continued to showcase their Ultra-High Definition 4K televisions, however this year almost every manufacturer offered the added twist of curved 4K televisions.  The question of 4K content disruption continued to remain unanswered, but this is expected to change as the price of UHD TVs lowers and consumer adoption of the technology rises. 

The most impactful observation on the showroom floors at CES was the increased presence of automobile OEMs. Auto manufacturers including Ford, GM, Audi, Mazda, Kia, and Mercedes-Benz all had sizable booths at CES.  Ford Motor Company’s global technologist for connected cars, John Ellis, stated that the car is no longer just an automobile, but “is now the most expensive consumer device”.  When you consider the amount of smartphone-inspired technology is being integrated into today’s new automobiles, the idea of the automobile as a consumer device makes sense .  Sitting in General Motor’s 2015 Silverado with GM/OnStar’s MyLink package, the center console felt more akin to a tablet than anything else.  The truck also includes a Wi-Fi hotspot capable of hosting up to seven devices, and the added bonus of being able to share your automobile’s data plan with the one for your smartphone.  

A big question for auto industry in the coming years will be whether or not app developers will begin to develop content for the various operating systems automobile manufacturers are promoting.  There is a lot of fragmentation amongst the auto OEMs and their various operating systems, which could deter interest by app content providers.  Safety and security were some other concerns mentioned.  Regardless, what the telecommunications industry witnessed with the advent of the smartphone, and the subsequent rise of the app will surely repeat itself at some scale within the automobile industry.

Fuel Cell FG - TIA’s Exploratory Focus Group on Fuel Cell Standards for Wireless and Other Critical Infrastructure was created in August 2013 to develop a comprehensive understanding of the fuel cell codes for both stationary and mobile fuel cells for specific use with telecom, wireless, datacom, emergency 911, police radio, security and surveillance, and catastrophic infrastructure for commercial, military, or residential use at ground level, on rooftop, or on platforms applications for backup, supplemental and/or alternative electric power source.   The Focus Group intends to begin work in the coming months on an application guideline document for all hydrogen fuel cell applications for Wireless and ICT Infrastructure.  The document will address the codes and standards required for installation, implementation and operation for all telecom, datacom, wireless, or ICT infrastructures.  In addition the document will provide recommendations for a simplified safety installation specification per NFPA 853 and recommend hydrogen refueling practices.  The FGFC held chair elections at their January meeting.  TIA congratulates the new Chair, Carl Rivkin, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and Vice-chair, Karen Hall, Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Energy Association on taking on these valuable roles. Parties interested in the focus group should contact Jeff Hannah at jhannah@tiaonline.org

TIA Future of the Network Action Report -   TIA TIA’s Future of the Network Action Report, captures the key takeaways, outcomes and suggested action steps for the industry. The report was derived from speakers’ views presented during TIA 2013: The Future of the Network, held October 8-10 in Washington, DC. It is packed with links to white papers, as well as TIA NOW documentaries, keynote videos and interviews, audience polls and trending charts pulled from TIA’s Market Review and Forecast. Topics covered include: Mobility and Broadband Capacity, Customer Experience management, M2M & The Internet of Things, Cloud  & Data Centers, Sustainability & ICT, Government, Healthcare & Enterprise Networks, Software Defined Networks (SDN), Network Function Virtualization (NFV), Cybersecurity and FirstNet & Public Safety Technology

Cabling Update

As demands for more data faster and with less latency grow and grow, our world-wide infrastructure has to grow with it.  TR-42 has been working on a standard for the next generation of balanced twisted-pair (copper) cabling, Category 8. The Telecommunications Copper Cabling Systems subcommittee is creating a standard to address performance of Category 8 cables. At the October meeting of this group the subcommittee agreed to incorporate revised limits for connector insertion loss that will improve channel insertion loss, and add measures for channelNEXT and PSNEXT loss that will better harmonize with recent ISO/IEC Class 1 developments. 

As we continue to look toward the future, the TR-42 committee addressing Commercial Building Telecommunications Cabling is revising TIA-862-A, Structured Cabling Infrastructure Standard for Intelligent Building Automation Systems Cabling.  This standard is intended to support a wide range of systems, particularly those that utilize IP-based infrastructure.  The revision will enhance and improve performance in the current BAS cabling standard.    

Utilizing an integrated security perspective, the Network Security Task Group continued work on the draft Network Security Standard that encompasses installation guidelines for implementing secure cabling systems. The Task Group is working on a case study approach and additional information regarding security installation practices and risk assessment.     

Also at the October meetings, a new task group under the Telecommunications Pathways and Spaces Subcommittee was formed to review potential changes to ANSI/TIA-569-D, Telecommunications Pathways and Spaces, standard. This review is driven by the need to address clarifications about the unit of measure conversions, conduit sizing and bends, room sizing and pull box selection. In addition, the Optical Fiber Systems subcommittee formed two new TR-42.11 task groups.  One to review the addition of Passive Optical Network (PON) Splitter specifications to the existing suite of Fiber Optic Test Procedures and another to review array component depiction improvements.

Leadership elections were held during these meetings for some of the subcommittees.  The newly elected leaders are for TR-42.1 Generic and Premises Cabling: Chair, Ray Emplit, Harger, Inc.and Vice Chair, Jonathan Jew, J&M Consultants; for TR-42.3 Pathways and Spaces: Chair, Henry Franc, Belden and Vice-Chair, Glenn Sexton, Northwest Information Services; for TR-42.5 Infrastructure Terms: Chair, Paul Kish, Belden and Vice Chair, Julie Roy, CommScope; for TR-42.7 Copper Cabling: Chair, Wayne Larsen, CommScope and Vice Chair, Sterling Vaden, Optical Cable Corporation; for TR-42.9 Industrial Cabling: Chair, Brad Woodman, Molex Inc. and Vice-Chair, Bob Lounsbury, ODVA; for TR-42.11 Optical Systems: Chair, Paul Kolesar, CommScope Network Solutions and Vice-Chair: David Mazzarese, OFS; lastly for TR-42.13 Passive Optical Devices and Fiber Optic Metrology: Chair, Greg Sandels, OFS. TIA congratulates all the newly elected subcommittee Chairs and Vice-Chairs and thanks all the past Chairs and Vice Chairs for their service to the ICT industry.   

The next meetings of TR-42 meetings and elections for even-numbered committees will take place January 27-31, 2014 in Fort Myers, FL.  Parties interested should contact Germaine Palangdao at gpalangdao@tiaonline.org

Wireless News

Text to 911 continued to be a key issue for the TR-45, Mobile and Point-to-Point Communications Standards, subcommittee on Core Networks.  Working closely with their counter parts at the ATIS WTSC committee they published a guidelines document and supplement to the recently published J-STD-110, Joint ATIS/TIA Native SMS to 9-1-1 Requirements and Architecture Specification. Since that publication in March of 2013 a number of implementation issues had arisen, such as temporary Public Safety Answering Point (PSAP) suspension, Text Control Center (TCC) to TCC interconnection, and TCC-HTTP interworking function (IWF) interactions which the industry addressed in the supplement, J-STD-110.a, Supplement A to J-STD-110, Joint ATIS/TIA Native SMS to 9-1-1 Requirements and Architecture Specification.  The document includes additional references, use cases and call flows as well as enhancements to the architecture in support of SMS to 9-1-1.

The committee members also advanced their work on a standard to improve the consumer mobile phone experience by addressing interference and coexistence issues in land mobile systems.  TIA TR-45.5, Spread Spectrum Digital Technology and ATIS’s WTSC committee are near completion on J-STD-111, Joint ATIS/TIA Coexistence and Interference Issue and Land Mobile Systems.  This standard provides the necessary information and methodology for the industry to perform either simplified or detailed analyses of adjacent frequency block and co-frequency block interference between similar and dissimilar air interfaces. In addition, TR-45.5 completed the long awaited Removable User Identity Module for Spread Spectrum Systems standards, along with the CDMA Card Application Toolkit (CCAT) and the Mobile Equipment (ME) Conformance Testing with CSIM for cdma2000 Spread Spectrum Standards which introduced new test cases and made corrections to some existing test cases to support the R-UIM.  TR-45.5 agreed on E-UTRAN – cdma2000 HRPD Connectivity and Inter-working Air Interface Specification which added the Inter-Radio Access Technology Idle Load Balancing functionality between E-UTRAN and HRPD. 

The committee also continued their work supporting the ITU-R CDMA-MC and TDMA-SC efforts and the transposition of standards that support that technology into the M.1457.12 document.  They put forth effort on revision I to the TIA/EIA-136 TDMA Cellular PCS parts which are necessary to support the ITU’s continue support of this technology.  Work also continued on a series of new addendum to the TIA-2001 parts which support new technology advances in Interoperability Specification (IOS) for cdma2000 Access Network Interfaces.

TIA welcomes all of our participants to attend and engage in the committee meetings. If you have any questions regarding the committee, please contact Stephanie Montgomery at smontgomery@tiaonline.org

Can you hear us now?

During the November TIA TR-41 meeting, committee members met with representatives from Gallaudet University and the FCC. The purpose of the meeting was for TIA members to share information with the Commission on its existing standardization efforts that impact accessibility and to discuss how these and other TIA standardization efforts’ might have a role in improving disability access.

During this meeting, TR-41 presented and discussed with Commission attendees on various topics. Specifically, in regard to the ANSI/TIA-4965 standard for Conversational Gain, TIA TR-41 members noted for the Commission that their work on an associated guidance document providing test procedures for showing compliance with the Conversational Gain requirements has been completed. As of November 6, 2013, the testing guidance document titled TIA TSB-31-D-2, Telecommunications - Telephone Terminal Equipment - Rationale and Measurement Guidelines for U.S. Network Protection - Addendum 2, has been approved for adoption and publication.

TIA’s TR-41 committee urged the Commission to move forward as quickly as possible based on these developments and consistent with TIA’s pending Petition for Rulemaking (RM-11682). TIA supports the Commission taking the next step towards improving the access and experience of hard-of-hearing users of terminal equipment (“TE”), such as analog and digital wireline telephones, by issuing a Report and Order in the pending rulemaking to update references in Part 68 of the FCC’s rules to TIA standards which set hearing aid compatibility (“HAC”) volume control requirements.

Also at the November TR-41 meeting, Professor Jutta Treviranus, Inclusive Design Research Centre, OCAD University, gave a presentation on an accessibility study.  This study proposes a new approach to addressing digital exclusion as outlined in a report entitled Advancing ICT Accessibility in Canada with a special emphasis on the implications for TR-41.3. The presentation can be found on TIA’s website under the TR-41.3 section.

At its next meeting, the TR-41.3 Analog and Digital Wireline Telephones subcommittee will be hosting a special one-hour presentation by John Morris, PhD, Research Scientist on Thursday February 13, 2014. Dr. Morris works on several grants related to technology and people with disabilities, including for the Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center for Wireless Technologies (Wireless RERC), for which he is Director of Consumer Research.

TIA welcomes all of our participants to attend and engage in the committee meetings. If you have any questions regarding the committee, please contact Marianna Kramarikova  at mkramarikova@tiaonline.org

Recent Appearances

TIA Staff tours MD State Policy Aviation Command - In December 2013, Marianna Kramarikova, Manager Technology and Standards, toured the Maryland State Police Aviation Command facility.  MSP procured 10 new aircraft in 2013 to replace the aging aircraft in its fleet.  These new helicopters have all the fastest and most advanced systems and meet or exceed all the latest safety requirements but in addition have excellent communications technology. TIA staff was treated to a demonstration of the communication interoperability functions of this new fleet of helicopters. 

World Standards Day Appreciation events - As a part of the World Standards Week events, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) holds an awards event in Washington, D.C.  TIA congratulates, John Siemon, CTO and Vice-President of The Siemon Company (Watertown, CT) on receiving the prestigious Astin-Polk International Standards Medal, which honors distinguished service in promoting trade and understanding among nations through the advancement, development, or administration of international standardization, measurements, or certification. TIA also congratulates, Peter Musgrove, Principle Member of Technical Staff, AT&T on receiving an ANSI Meritorious Service Award, which recognizes outstanding contributions to the U.S. voluntary standardization system.

To inquire about participating in TIA standards developing efforts, please contact standards@tiaonline.org or learn more about the TIA standards development program on our website.  See if our next technology meeting is near you by visiting the TIA Engineering Committees' meetings calendar.