Innovating Standards Newsletter - October 2013

Volume III, Issue III 

Wireless News – How to strengthen the security and resilience of U.S. critical infrastructure
International Standardization Activities – Smarter buildings, faster networks, cleaner signals
Private Radio Buzz – How to boost signals
Can you hear us now? – Product mark improves consumer understanding
M2M Corner – Connecting 20 billion devices
Recent Appearances – TIA representing member companies in other forums

Fuel Cell Standards for Wireless and Other Critical ICT Infrastructure

As we look critically at telecommunications infrastructure protection and demands for 24/7 access to services, even during crises situations, fuel cells is one piece of the solution.  With more than 74 MW of fuel cells for stationary applications, the fuel cell footprint in the United States is dramatically increasing. The fuel cell industry has also expanded to new states, boosting U.S. manufacturing and exports in the process, according to the Fuel Cells 2000 project.  To develop documents that can provide the ICT industry with information on the technical considerations and benefits of fuel cell deployment in support of wireless networks and other critical ICT infrastructure, TIA has created an Exploratory Focus Group on Fuel Cell Standards for Wireless and Other Critical ICT Infrastructure to provide a forum for fuel cell companies, mobile network operators, cell site leasing companies, engineering firms, government entities, and others. 

This Exploratory Focus Group recognized that there are numerous standards for hydrogen fuel cells and safety that range from automotive fueling stations to main alternative fuel supplies, but these are for generic use.  The scope of this Focus Group is to develop a comprehensive understanding of the fuel cell codes for both stationary and mobile fuel cells for specific use with telecom, wireless, datacom, emergency 911, police radio, security and surveillance, and catastrophic infrastructure for commercial, military, or residential use at ground level, on rooftops, or on platform applications for backup, supplemental and/or alternative electric power sources.  

The Focus Group will be drafting tits guideline document over the next few months. Participants include: Altergy, Ballard Power Systems, Burns & McDonnell, the Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Energy Association, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, ReliOn, Sprint-Nextel, and VP Energy.  Individuals or companies interested in participating in the Focus Group, should contact Jeff Hannah at

TIA Technology Development Quick Links

Wireless News

Over the past 20 years technology has changed from wireless phones the size of bricks to smart phones that are mini-computers with more opportunity for malware and viruses, so the federal government is taking a close look at updating NIPP and CIP.  TIA has been leading the charge on critical infrastructure protection (CIP) since the late 1990’s when the precursor of the National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) was published. 

The TR-45, Mobile and Point-to-Point Communications Standards, Engineering Committee spent some time at their September meeting learning about recent events in cybersecurity issues on Capitol Hill and around the world.  The meeting, hosted at TIA headquarters in Arlington, VA provided an opportunity to have TIA President Grant Seiffert, TIA Vice-Presidents, Cheryl Blum and Danielle Coffey as well as CTIA Vice-president, John Marinho  join the meeting and discuss trends in the future of wireless networks and developments in federal government actions in the area of cybersecurity. 

Of particular interest was a recent Executive Order 13636 and Presidential Policy Directive (PPD) 21 which has instructed the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security to take a series of actions to strengthen the security and resilience of the U.S. critical infrastructure.  To assist in the completion of this mandate, NIST has developed a draft framework document (the Framework), the purpose of which is to define the overall cybersecurity framework and provide guidance on its usage. The document is being designed to be relevant to organizations of nearly every size and composition. It offers a way to take a high-level, overarching view of an organization’s management of cybersecurity risk by focusing on key functions of an organization’s approach to this security. These are then broken down into categories. The Framework’s core structure consists of five major cybersecurity functions and their categories and subcategories, and three Framework Implementation Levels associated with an organization’s cybersecurity functions and how well that organization implements the framework.

The Framework’s core also includes a compendium of informative references, existing standards, guidelines, and practices to assist with specific implementation. The compendium points to many standards – including performance and process-based standards. These are intended to be illustrative and to assist organizations in identifying and selecting standards for their own use and for use in mapping into the core Framework. The compendium also offers practices and guidelines, including practical implementation guides.  Eight TIA standards have been incorporated in to this compendium. Key among these standards areTIA-4940, Smart Device Communications series, and TIA-942, Telecommunications Infrastructure Standard for Data Centers. For a complete list please contact TIA.   

TIA International Standardization Activities

Automated Infrastructure Management (AIM) is a real problem solver for IT services.  Rather than spending innumerable man hours manually installing software updates and managing servers, an AIM system issues alerts and pushes upgrades.  Taking this model further, the ISO/IEC JTC1/SC25 WG3 AIM Task Group, which  met at the TIA offices on July 1 and 2, 2013, is working to develop standards that bring AIM to whole buildings. The industry goal is to make buildings more intelligent so they become more energy efficient, have improved security, and can optimize building functions to improve the comfort of building occupants.  The task group, chaired by Hans-Jüergen Niethammer of TE Connectivity in Germany, developed the scope and objectives for a document to define the requirements and recommendations for the attributes of AIM solutions for the administration of information technology cabling infrastructure. The next meeting of the task group is scheduled for the week of September 30, 2013 in Kista, Sweden.

40G Ethernet Copper Cabling

The next generation 40G Ethernet Copper Cabling project is underway in SC25 Working Group 3. The project is to be used for Local Area Networks (LAN), Intelligent Building networks, and Data Centers. ISO/IEC TR11801-99-1, Technical Report for the next generation twisted-pair cabling, supporting 40Gb/s applications, has entered the enquiry stage. The report is designed to support the IEEE 802.3bq project for 40GBASE-T, next generation 40G Ethernet over-twisted-pair. The technical report will cover the investigation of preliminary specifications for new channel classes, assembled from current and future twisted-pair cabling components, which will be designated “Category 8” for supporting up to 40Gb/s over a range of distances. 

Application of Equipotential Bonding and Grounding in Buildings

The European standard (EN 50310) specifies an equipotential bonding system using the electrical (safety) bonding system as its backbone.  Various supplemental bonding networks (e.g., local mesh, full mesh) are described to provide enhanced equipotential bonding.  The TIA standard (ANSI/TIA-607-B) specifies an independent telecommunications bonding system.  The draft international standard (ISO/IEC 30129) allows either.  An evaluation process is used to determine whether the electrical bonding system is sufficient or if an independent system is required.  The evaluation takes into account the electrical properties of the electrical bonding system based on actual measurements or an evaluation of drawings.  The desired level of bonding performance, based on media (e.g., fiber, UTP) and application, is also taken into account.


The US Technical Advisory Group 76 on Laser Safety met on July 18, 2013 at TIA headquarters. There were 20 delegates in attendance from various working groups.  The working groups have continued to develop and improve standards supporting the laser Industry.  Liaisons with other Technical Committees were also discussed.  Several issues were discussed, including low radiance emissions, restrictions on manufacturers, and the flying spot projector vs. imaged laser projector concern.  There were extensive discussions regarding revision of the safety standard for photobiological safety of lamps and lamp systems, and it was agreed there is a need for a new work item on a standard for the photobiological safety of ultraviolet lamps.

Private Radio Buzz

First responders in Washington State process an increasingly higher number of emergency calls each year.  They rely on their strong radio communications devices being interoperable with those of other counties and other states.  TR-8 makes this happen and is continuing the effort on the part of manufactures to develop improved standards. At the TR-8 August meeting in Anaheim, CA, the TR-8.11 subcommittee on Antenna Systems activated a working group on Signal Booster Systems, and has scheduled bi-monthly meetings beginning on September 12, 2013. The Signal Booster is a device used to boost the cell-phone reception to the local area. It increases the cell phone signal and improves the phone’s overall performance.  TIA invites all interested participants to join the working group.

At that same August meeting TR-8 held elections for some of its leadership. TIA joins the industry in congratulating and thanking John Lambrou and Brian Martens for assuming leadership roles in the TR-8.21 subcommittee. Nominations are also open for the Vice-Chair of the TR-8.25 subcommittee on Project 25 Compliance Assessment and the Chair of the LTE task group in TR-8.19.

The next TR-8 and P25 meeting is planned for October 8-9, 2013 in the Gaylord National Resort and Convention Center, National Harbor, MD. It will be collocated with TIA2013. TIA welcomes all interested parties to attend and participate in the committee meetings.

Can you hear us now?

The TR-41, Performance and Accessibility for Communications Products, Engineering Committee met via teleconference, August 15-23, 2013. The TR-41 Committee has expanded its title and scope to go beyond “telephones” to cover all types of communications devices and to emphasize its work on accessibility and usability issues.

The ANSI/TIA-4953 Compliant Logo for Mild, Moderate and Severe Hearing Loss for use in connection with corded and cordless wireline telephone equipment has been announced to the industry. If interested in obtaining a limited, transferable, revocable, world-wide license to use the logo in connection with equipment conforming to the TIA-4953 Standard, please contact Andrew Kurtzman at (703) 907-7413.

TR-41.3 is seeking industry contributions on a project to revise ANSI/TIA-1083-A, Telecommunications – Telephone Terminal Equipment – Handset Magnetic Measurement Procedures and Performance Requirements. The revision will include adding requirements for wideband and allowing for the use of real speech test signals.

The Environmental and Safety Considerations subcommittee is seeking interested professionals to join the work on revision to ANSI/TIA-571-B Electrical, Thermal and Mechanical Environmental Performance Requirements.

TR-41.9 FAQ relating to DC Resistance Testing

On September 9, 2013 TIA submitted reply comments to the FCC regarding TIA’s previously-filed Petition for Rulemaking urging the Commission to move forward on improving the access and experience of hard-of-hearing users of terminal equipment, such as wireline telephones, by undertaking a rulemaking to update references in Part 68 of the FCC’s rules to the new ANSI/TIA-4965 standard on conversational gain for receive volume control requirements. The record shows support for TIA’s request from two key stakeholder groups – a robust coalition representing the consumers impacted by TIA’s request, and the hearing aid industry. Furthermore, the record contains no opposition to TIA’s request of the FCC.

The next TR-41 meeting will be held the week of November 4-8, 2013 at TIA HQ in Arlington VA. Elections for leadership of TR-41 and its subcommittees’ will be held. Interested volunteers are requested to contact TIA.

TIA would like to invite interested parties to attend a one hour accessibility study presentation by Professor Jutta Treviranus on November 7, 2013 at 3:30PM (ET). The presentation will propose a new approach to addressing digital exclusion as outlined in a report entitled Advancing ICT Accessibility in Canada with a special emphasis on the implications for TR-41.3.

TIA welcomes all our participants to attend and engage in the committee meetings. If you have any questions regarding the committee, please contact Marianna Kramarikova.

M2M Corner

With the prospect of 20 billion connected devices serving the enterprise, consumer, and public sectors by 2020, the TIA and its membership are committed to developing standards that will deliver affordable and interoperable Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communications to the ICT industry.  Enterprises and service providers recognize the revenue opportunities of M2M services, but the costs associated with deployment can deter adoption.  TIA’s membership understands that standards help reduce deployment costs and that widespread adoption of standards-based technology can generate new business models and additional revenue streams.  That is why TIA’s Technology and Standards Department currently operates three engineering committees addressing standards with regard to various aspects of M2M deployment.  These engineering committees include:

Mobile and Point-to-Point Communications Standards, TR-45:  Even with the global adoption of LTE networks, CDMA2000 will continue to play an important role in enabling M2M services.  As the leading standards engineering committee for mobile cellular and personal communications, specifically those that support the CDMA2000 mobile network devices, TIA’s TR-45 engineering committee,  has published the Machine-to-Machine (M2M) Communication System Requirements Document to guide the work of needed network enhancements required of the CDMA2000 network to support M2M communications.  Based upon this requirements document, the TR-45 committee continues to address network enhancements to the CDMA2000 network, most recently opening a project to address interoperability specifications for CDMA2000 M2M communications. 

M2M-Smart Device Communications, TR-50: For enterprises, the adoption of vertically-based M2M services offers increased revenue, but it is the deployment of horizontally-based M2M systems that can unlock new services and business models  this is commonly referred to as the Internet of Things.  To foster the ubiquitous deployment of connected devices, TIA’s TR-50 engineering committee has published standards and is continuing their work on a multi-part M2M framework, for wired and wireless applications, that can be applied to any industry vertical.  TR-50’s work on an industry-agnostic M2M protocol standard has been recognized by the oneM2M Partnership, a global initiative organized by leading standards development organizations and M2M-related businesses from the transportation, healthcare, utilities, industrial automation, and smart homes industries to develop technical specifications that address the need for a common M2M Service Layer.  TR-50 continues to work on standards pertinent to the committee’s M2M framework and to contribute work items to the oneM2M partnership.

Smart Utility Networks, TR-51: Utilities are becoming increasingly reliant on advanced data network systems to monitor and maintain their electrical grids.  To address the connectivity between a residential metering system and a utility’s back-office system, TIA’s TR-51 engineering committee has developed a point-to-multipoint wireless network and conformance standard to support smart grid applications.  The standards series provides electric utilities with a standardized and industry-proven blueprint to intelligent two-way data transmission between smart meters, smart home appliances, and a utility’s back-office system.  The standard series is based upon a widely adopted point-to-point wireless network technology, but offers utilities a point-to-multipoint, or mesh topography, alternative to neighborhood area networks.  TR-51 is currently harmonizing its standard with ETSI’s cybersecurity standard for smart grid networks.  The committee is also seeking to submit its standard for ISO adoption. 

Recent Appearances

TIA was an invited speaker at Hewlett Packard’s IT Management Training Seminar held September 5-7 in Hangzhou, China. More than  100 students from HP’s installed base, China Mobile, China Telecom, FSI and others attended.  The focus on September 5 was high-end data center training.  Through TIA's cooperation with EPI, HP requested that TIA present on International DC Standard Development Trends and introduce the ANSI/TIA-942 standard for data centers. Other speakers from Equinix, UL, Tencent, and local IDC players were invited.  There is growing interest in the TIA-942 Standard in China and Taiwan, as these countries seek to establish a data center industry and presence throughout the Asia-Pacific region. In the picture from left to right are Chuck Mello, Field Evaluation Program Manager at UL; Sunny Huan YuPing , IT Management School, Education Services, Enterprise Group, China, Hewlett-Packard; Herb Congdon, AVP, TIA;  Robinson Wang, Vice-President, AtHub Corporation.

Florence Otieno, Manager, International Standards Programs  attended the 6th annual United States National Committee (USNC) Technical Advisory Group (TAG) Leadership Workshop held at NEMA headquarters on September 13, 2013. The workshop was very productive and well attended by Technical Advisors, TAG Secretaries, International Secretaries and other senior ANSI officials.  The focus of the workshop was to provide a forum for TAG administrators and officials to exchange ideas on the operations and locations of TAG events and leadership challenges. Ms. Otieno presented on the topic of Good Practices in Handling Comments from TAG Membership and how to achieve consensus.  Much of the work created in TIA’s Engineering Committees is presented on an international stage via TIA to the TAGs of ISO/IEC.

TIA staff members Marianna Kramarikova, Manager, Technology and Standards and Mark Uncapher, Director, Regulatory & Government Affairs, attended the 79th Conference & Expo of the Association of Public Safety Communications Officials (APCO) held in Anaheim, CA. TIA staff attended the APCO Conference with more than 2,500 other safety officials seeking the latest in communications training for first responders and information on the newest communications technologies for emergency services.

To inquire about participating in TIA standards developing efforts, please contact or learn more about the TIA standards development program on our website.  See if our next technology meeting is near you by visiting the TIA Engineering Committees' meetings calendar.